Senegal became the fifth and last African nation to exit the FIFA World cup after they went down by a lone goal against Columbia on Thursday.
The win saw Colombia book their place in the knock-out stages of the World Cup, finishing top of the group.
Yerry Mina headed home from a corner in the 74th minute to lift the Colombians to the top spot in Group H above Japan and Senegal.
Japan lost 1-0 to Poland but still went through as the second-placed team over Senegal despite both teams being level on points, goal difference and goals scored.
Japan however edged Senegal by fair play – as they have accumulated fewer yellow cards in the tournament than the Africans.
Colombia play the runner-up from Group G, either England or Belgium, in Moscow on Tuesday with Japan facing the Group G winners the previous day in Rostov-on-Don.
This is the first time since 1982 that no African team has qualified from the group stage as Nigeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Senegal have all bowed out of the 2018 world cup.